National Mission for Clean Ganga

In India, the Ganga River Basin is the largest river basin, covering around 26% of country’s land area, hosting about 43% of India’s population (around 520 million) and contributing 28% of India’s water resources. The Government of India has brought in a long-term perspective with a proper institutional framework and created an integrated mission named National Mission for Clean Ganga as an implementing authority of the Namami Gange Program - a flagship program for holistic protection, conservation, and rejuvenation of the Ganga River. In 2015, the "Namami Gange"— Integrated Ganga Conservation Mission programme was launched with an indicative cost of 20,000 crores, as an umbrella programme with an aim to integrate previous and currently ongoing projects and new initiatives planned as its part.

The program comprises of four major verticals namely ‘Nirmal Ganga’ with focus on pollution abatement, ‘Aviral Ganga’ with focus on ecology and flow of river Ganga, ‘Jan Ganga’ with aim of people river connect and ‘Gyan Ganga’ with focus on research, policy, and knowledge management. The programme successfully implemented sewerage infrastructure development for pollution abatement from residential and industrial sources and adopted innovative best practices i.e. Hybrid Annuity Model (HAM) and One City One Operator (OCOP) to bring the paradigm shift by focusing on holistic development of Ganga Basin.

The other initiatives include bio-diversity conservation, continuity of river flow, afforestation, and specialized R&D efforts beside continuous monitoring of river quality through improved regulations of quality standards. The people engagement was promoted by associating people through volunteers’ partners, known as Ganga Mitra, Pravasi Ganga Prahari, Ganga Doot and Ganga Prahari. The major public outreach activities conducted by NMCG include Ganga Utsav, Nadi Utsav, Ganga Quest, 6th India Water Impact Summit, rallies, campaigns, exhibitions, shram daan, cleanliness drives, competitions, and plantation drives. A total of 366 projects have been sanctioned under Namami Gange programme at a cost of Rs. 30,923 crores. Against this, 187 projects have been completed and the remaining are at various stages of execution.